The Ophthalmology Unit,  Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Kuching, Sarawak.

The Ophthalmology Department, Sarawak General Hospital, Kuching, Sarawak, East Malaysia.



Self-tests in Optic and Refraction

(ISBN 978-983-42723-2-6)

(Free copies available to Malaysian doctors from Alcon Lab., Malaysia or you

may download a free PDF copy by clicking the picture below.)


This book is the second of the ophthalmology series published by lecturers in the Ophthalmology Department, UNIMAS. The book contains multiple choice questions and short answer questions in testing the knowledge of the trainee ophthalmologists. It is recommended the book is used in conjunction with a textbook of optic and refraction such as Clinical Optics by A. R. Elkington, Helena J. Frank, Michael J. Greaney by Blackwell publishing. The last section of the book contains essential steps in clinical refraction for ametropia.


The book is useful for ophthalmologists in-training in Malaysia as well as those who are taking the ophthalmology qualifying examination such as FRCOphth (Fellowship of the Royal College of Ophthalmologists) and FRCS (Fellowship of the Royal College of Surgeons).

We like to thank the Alcon Laboratories (Malaysia) especially Mr. Kelvin Chin, Mr. Wong Kean Ewe and Ms. Jessie Wong for providing the necessary education grant for the publication of this book. A free copy of the book is available to Malaysian doctors from Alcon Lab. The address is  Alcon Laboratories (M) Sdn Bhd, No. 1001A, 9th Floor, Wisma Glomac 3, Kompleks Kelana Centre Point, Jalan SS7/19, 47301 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia. Tel: 03-7880 0650. Fax: 03-7880 0639


Chua Chung Nen

Chieng Lee Ling

Ngo Chek Tung

Mahadhir Alhady Sulaiman

December  2007